Adopting standards and technical references is an effective way for your company to maintain consistent quality, build customer trust and gain acceptance in global markets.
You can leverage standards to:
Here are some widely adopted international and Singapore standards, and industry-related technical references.
ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems - Requirements with Guidance for Use specifies requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system to prevent work-related injuries and ill health. These guidelines help you create a safe and healthy workplace by establishing, implementing and maintaining an OH&S management system.
ISO 9001 Quality Management Systems is an international standard that specifies requirements for a quality management system. You can use the standard to demonstrate your company’s ability to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements.
ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems provides an integrated approach to environmental management, and ensures that the environmental impact of your business is measured and managed. It also helps to reduce cost and wastage through sustainable practices.
ISO 22301 Business Continuity Management Systems provides the framework for a documented management system to protect against, reduce the likelihood of occurrence, prepare for, respond to, and recover from disruptive incidents when they arise.
ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems provides a framework for managing the prevention of death, work-related injury and ill-health, with the intended outcome of providing a safe and healthy workplace for workers and persons under your organisation’s control.
AS 9100 Quality Management Systems – Requirements for Aviation, Space and Defense Organisations is the internationally recognised quality management system tailored for players in the aerospace industry. This includes design, manufacturing and maintenance companies. It addresses aviation safety and aviation management requirements, and supports your company throughout your supply chains. Being AS 9100 certified allows your company to stay competitive and benefit from the improved processes.
AS 9120 Quality Management Systems – Requirements for Aviation, Space and Defense Distributors focuses on areas directly impacting product safety and reliability. It addresses chain of custody, traceability, control and availability of records. This standard is applicable if your company is involved in the resale, distribution or storage of parts found in aircraft and other aerospace components.
National Aerospace and Defense Contractors Accreditation Programme (Nadcap) is a cooperative industry effort to help you improve quality while reducing costs. The programme establishes strict industry benchmarks that meet the requirements of all participants, and replaces the routine auditing of suppliers with one that is approved through a consensus-decision making process of members from the user community. It also conducts more comprehensive and technically superior special process audits. Nadcap is administered by the Performance Review Institute.
ISO 50001:2011 Energy Management Systems – Requirements with Guidance for Use specifies requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and improving an energy management system. If you want to reduce your company’s energy consumption, costs, and environmental impact, this standard applies to you. This standard is relevant to companies in industries such as cleantech, construction, logistics, chemicals, and engineering services.
SS 577:2012 Water Efficiency Management Systems – Requirements with Guidance for Use is a Singapore standard that specifies requirements for a water efficiency management system. It includes tools and best practices to help your company adopt a systematic approach to improve water usage and efficiency. This standard is useful to non-domestic water users, such as industrial, commercial, office buildings and hotels.
ISO 14064:2006 Greenhouse Gases provides your company with a set of tools to quantify, monitor, report, and verify greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It comprises three parts:
If you are involved in corporate risk management, voluntary GHG registry or reporting initiatives, buying and selling of GHG allowances or regulatory reporting, this standard applies to you.
SS 587:2013 Management of End-of-Life ICT Equipment helps your company to reduce the environmental impact of ICT equipment waste. It provides guidelines on improving your company’s recycling process for ICT equipment. The framework is aligned with established international management system standards, and is based on the Plan-Do-Check-Act continuous improvement framework.
ISO 22000:2018 Food Safety Management System is an international standard that defines the requirements of a food safety management system for food safety and hygiene. It is suitable if your company is directly or indirectly involved in the food chain, including inter-related companies such as producers of equipment, packaging material, cleaning agents, additives and ingredients. Meeting this standard gives your suppliers and stakeholders confidence in your hazard controls and food safety standards.
BRC Global Standard for Food Safety provides a framework to manage product safety, integrity, legality and quality, and the operational controls for these criteria in the food and food ingredient manufacturing, processing and packing industry. Recognised by the Global Food Safety Initiative, it provides assurance of the robustness of your company’s food safety management system.
BRC Global Standard for Packaging is used by manufacturers producing packaging materials for all types of products from food to consumer products. It is the first Packaging Standard in the world to be recognised by the Global Food Safety Initiative benchmarking committee.
FSSC 22000 Food Safety Systems provides a framework for effectively managing your organisation’s food safety responsibilities. Recognised by the Global Food Safety Initiative, it demonstrates the robustness of your company’s food safety management system and provides your customers and consumers with peace of mind.
SS 552:2016 Code of Practice for Cold Chain Management of Chilled Pork covers the application and observance of temperature controls for the cold chain management of chilled pork. This includes conditions at the abattoir, and during de-boning, transportation, storage, distribution, handling, and retailing.
The chilled pork under this standard is intended for sale and distribution in Singapore. It applies to chilled pork from the local abattoir and accredited overseas abattoirs, as well as chilled pork in vacuum and non-vacuum packs.
SS 621:2016 Code of Practice for Cold Chain Management of Milk and Dairy Products covers the application and observance of temperature controls for the cold chain management of milk and dairy products. This includes fermented and cultured drinks, and frozen dairy products. The Code guides you on proper management during production, processing, storage, transportation, distribution, and at the point of sale. You will also learn how to raise consumers’ awareness about proper handling of milk and dairy products.
SS 585:2013 Cold Chain Management of Vegetables covers the application and observance of temperature controls for the cold chain management of vegetables. This includes conditions during pre-harvest and harvesting at the farm, to post-harvest handling, packaging, storage, transportation, distribution, and retail. It applies to whole, intact vegetables which are not further processed. These include leafy, headed, fruited vegetables, and herbs.
TR 49:2016 Technical Reference for Cold Chain Management of Frozen Fish and Seafood covers the application and observance of temperature controls for the cold chain management of raw and minimally processed frozen fish and seafood. It covers post-harvesting handling, packing and repacking, storage, distribution, transportation, and retail.
SS 633:2017 Code of Practice for Food Waste Management for Food Processing/ Manufacturing Establishments recommends and guides you on proper food waste management during receiving of raw materials, processing, storage, packaging, transportation, distribution, and treatment of returned food. The Code does not apply to incoming raw materials and recalled products. If you are a food processing or manufacturing establishment looking to develop a food waste management plan, this Code helps you to generate less food waste.
TR 58:2017 Guidelines for Developing Food Products that Qualify for Approved Nutrition or Health Claims apply to local food manufacturers. These guidelines specify the recommended practices and processes when you use functional ingredients in food and beverage products to qualify for nutrition or health claims. They help your company to meet the regulatory requirements set by the Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority.
TR 57:2017 Guidelines on Food Safety and Good Hygiene Practices for the Vending Industry specify hygiene guidelines for the design, installation, and maintenance of vending machines selling frozen, chilled or hot food. The guidelines also address operational-related issues. This includes the supply and replenishment of food and related items such as:
SS 583:2013 Guidelines on Food Safety Management for Food Service Establishments enable your food and beverage establishment to develop and implement a food safety management system based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles. This set of guidelines focuses on common critical hazards. It also takes into account basic prerequisites such as good hygiene practices to ensure that your premises, equipment, and employees do not contribute to, or become food safety hazards.
SS 632:2017 Specification for Organic Primary Produce applies to primary produce such as grains, mushrooms, fresh vegetables, fresh herbs, and fresh fruits. It is not applicable to livestock, fish and processed foods.
It lists the requirements for each stage of handling organic primary produce, such as production, post-harvest, import, packing and repacking, storage, transport, and labelling. The Specification is based on the principles of organic agriculture (that is, health, ecology, fairness, and care) pertaining to soil-based cultivation, substrate-based cultivation, and aquaponics. It excludes other soilless and non-substrate-based cultivation methods such as hydroponic culture.
ISO 27001 Information Security Management Systems specifies the requirements to establish, implement, maintain and continually improve information security management systems. It includes requirements for the assessment and handling of information security risks.
ISO 28000 Security Management Systems for Supply Chain specifies the requirements for a security management system, including those aspects critical to security assurance of the supply chain.
SS 584: 2015 Specification for Multi-tiered Cloud Computing Security covers sound risk management and security practices for cloud computing. If you are a cloud user, auditor or certifier who wants to understand cloud security requirements, this applies to you. It is also relevant to public cloud service providers looking to strengthen and demonstrate security controls in their cloud environments.
TR 38:2014 Technical Reference for Sensor Network for Smart Nation (Public Areas) guides you on communication and application interface standards for the development and deployment of public-area sensor network(s) in Singapore. These may refer to any place (open air or otherwise) accessible to the public, for example, roads, pavements, parks and waterways. Areas in commercial and residential buildings are excluded. If you are a system integrator, technology developer or service providers, this Technical Reference applies to you.
TR 40:2015 Technical Reference for Sensor Networks for Smart Nation (Homes) provides the framework for the development and deployment of home sensor networks in Singapore. It covers core requirements for the provision of services under Smart Nation, and international or industry standards for interface interoperability.
If you are a service provider, industry player or application developer, this Technical Reference applies to you. For tech-savvy end-users, you may wish to refer to this document for best practices when selecting devices or service providers, or when setting up your home network.
TR 54:2016 Technical Reference for Smart Plugs for Homes covers specific safety and performance requirements of smart plugs under public housing. This Technical Reference applies to you if you are a:
TR 47:2016 Technical Reference for IoT Reference Architecture for Smart Nation provides a framework that supports the development of applications or systems for IoT and sensor networks to achieve seamless data exchange and information use. This includes a set of design principles and general architecture requirements. If you are a systems developer, you can use this Technical Reference when working on your IoT applications and services.
TR 50:2016 Technical Reference for IoT Information and Services Interoperability for Smart Nation covers considerations and recommendations for common interface standards applicable to cross-domain applications and nation-wide deployments. This Technical Reference applies to you if you are a/an:
Good Distribution Practice (GDP) certification is a voluntary scheme for companies seeking certification by Singapore’s Health Sciences Authority (HSA) for complying with the Guidance Notes on GDP. This certification is for you if your company is involved in the storage and distribution of therapeutic products, medicinal products or active pharmaceutical ingredients. A GDP Certificate is valid for three years from the date of audit. You need to submit a fresh application when your GDP Certificate expires.
ISO 28000:2007 Supply Chain Security Management Systems specifies the requirements for a robust supply chain security management system. If your company is involved in manufacturing, service, storage or transportation, this standard enables you to certify your supply chain management system with an accredited third party, or make a self-assessment and declaration of conformity to this standard.
TR 39:2015 Technical Reference for Freight Container Equipment Interchange Receipt is a reference guide on the visual survey and inspection of, as well as reporting and updating of the freight container’s condition at each handover stage. It provides you guidelines on: (1) common definitions and terminologies, (2) visual qualitative and quantitative survey, and (3) communication at the point of handover to minimise disputes and delays.
TR 46:2016 Technical Reference for Last Mile Delivery - eCommerce Data Interchange is a reference guide on improving consumers’ online shopping experience. It helps you define and standardise the order fulfilment datasets and order fulfilment process flow between the eCommerce storefront and logistics service provider. If you are an eCommerce retailer, seller or logistic service provider, this reference applies to you.
TR 61:2018 Technical Reference on Data Interchange for Last-Mile Delivery Using Parcel Locker Network is a reference guide on observing a common communication protocol in the online marketplace to improve efficiency in goods delivery. If you are a retailer, seller, logistic service provider or parcel locker/ collection point operator, this reference applies to you.
ISO 13485 Medical Device - Quality System specifies requirements for a quality management system if your company needs to demonstrate its ability to provide medical devices and related services that consistently meet customer and applicable regulatory requirements. Your company may also be involved in one or more stages of the life-cycle, including:
US Food & Drug Administration’s Code of Federal Regulations Part 820 (FDA CFR 820) is a set of basic guidelines on the best manufacturing practices of finished medical devices. Following this code helps you give assurance to your customers that your products are safe and effective to be allowed into the US market.
SS ISO 10218-1: 2016 Robots and Robotic Devices - Safety Requirements for Industrial Robots - Part 1: Robots specifies safety requirements when you design industrial robots. It describes basic hazards associated with robots, and stipulates requirements to help you eliminate or adequately reduce the risks associated with these hazards.
SS ISO 10218-2: 2016 Robots and Robotic Devices - Safety Requirements for Industrial Robots - Part 2 Robot Systems and Integration specifies safety requirements when you integrate industrial robots and industrial robot systems (as defined in ISO 10218-1: 2016), as well as industrial robot cell(s). It gives you information on the design, manufacturing, installation, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the industrial robot system or cell and related component devices.
ISO/TS 15066:2016 Robots and Robotic Devices - Collaborative Robots specifies safety requirements when you partner industrial robot systems and the work environment. It supplements the requirements and guidance on collaborative industrial robot operation under ISO 10218-1 and ISO 10218-2. (Note: This standard does not apply to collaborative applications designed prior to publication.)
American Petroleum Institute (API) Q1 and Monogram Program – Quality Management Systems specifies the requirements for managing quality of businesses manufacturing equipment or components of equipment used in the petroleum and natural gas industries.
TR 68 Technical Reference for Autonomous Vehicles provides guidelines for the behaviour, design, and safety of autonomous vehicles. It also covers the requirements to reduce cybersecurity risks when using autonomous vehicles, and standardises the format of vehicular data to ensure seamless exchange of data and information use.
This Technical Reference applies to you if you are a/an:
To find out more, you can read the details of these international standards, Singapore standards and technical references in our public libraries or purchase an electronic copy online:
Use the multimedia stations at the National Library and public libraries (except library@chinatown and library@orchard) to browse soft copies of the ISO Standards, Singapore standards and technical references for free.
Prefer to read on paper? There are hard copies of the standards and technical references for browsing at the Lee Kong Chian Reference Library at Level 7 of the National Library.
You can purchase the following standards at the Singapore Standards eShop:
The standards and technical references are protected by copyright laws. When you buy a standard in electronic format, it usually only allows you to print a single copy of the contents. You may not make multiple copies or transfer the electronic file purchased, or reproduce parts of it.
Find out how to access the ISO and IEC international standards without infringing their copyright.
Likewise, you may not reproduce the standards published by Enterprise Singapore without written permission.
Still have questions about copyright? Send us an email with your enquiries.
Find out how to adopt a standard